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what is interval

Beginners
hamad  
8 Sep 2009 10:12 | Quote
Joined: 24 Oct 2008
Bahrain
Karma
hi
i have learned some scales and been play solo's with chords like Am,G,F,E i think it called serial i don't know ?
but it sounds good
i want to know the basics
i don't understand this can any one explain this for me?

Unison none
Minor 2nd 1/2 step
Major 2nd 1 whole step
Minor 3rd 1 whole step and 1/2 step
Major 3rd 2 whole steps
Perfect 4th 2 whole steps and 1/2 step
Augmented 4th / Diminished 5th 3 whole steps
Perfect 5th 3 whole steps and 1/2 step
Minor 6th 4 whole steps
Major 6th 4 whole steps and 1/2 step
Minor 7th 5 whole steps
Major 7th 5 whole steps and 1/2 step
Octave 6 whole steps

i'm little confused about the modes!!
what the modes and how i can use them in soloing???




JazzMaverick  
8 Sep 2009 11:34 | Quote
Joined: 28 Aug 2008
United Kingdom
Lessons: 24
Licks: 37
Karma: 47
Moderator
Chords and Intervals

Whole/Half Steps are just the spaces between notes e.g. C-D is a whole step apart, where as C-C# is a half step apart.

You're a beginner, and since you don't even know these things you're asking about (nothing wrong with this!) don't look into the modes until you understand what you've asked.

It's better to take everything slowly instead of rushing ahead otherwise you'll find that you're lost when it comes down to basic things.

When you do know these things, you can look at my lesson and Afro's lesson - which I personally think explains the modes better than I did.

My Lesson:
Major Scale and Modes Within

Afro's Lesson:
Modes and How To Use Them
Afro_Raven  
8 Sep 2009 11:51 | Quote
Joined: way back
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Lessons: 1
Karma: 20
Moderator
Totally agree with Jazz - you really don't need to worry about modes right now, but intervals are some of the basics that would be really useful for you to learn now.

Afro
hamad  
8 Sep 2009 11:58 | Quote
Joined: 24 Oct 2008
Bahrain
Karma
thankyou for your time
you said C-D is a whole step apart i under stand that but why it called Major 2nd ?
what unison ?

thanx
JazzMaverick  
8 Sep 2009 12:22 | Quote
Joined: 28 Aug 2008
United Kingdom
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Karma: 47
Moderator
A Unison is the same note.

It's like this:


C-C = Unison
C-C# = Augmented Unison (Augmented means sharpened - or raised)
C-Db = Minor Second
C-D = Major Second
C-D# = Augmented Second
C-Eb = Minor Third
C-E = Major Third
C-E# = Augmented Third
C-Fb = Diminished Fourth (Diminished means flattened or lowered, too)
C-F = Perfect Fourth
C-F# = Augmented Fourth
C-Gb = Diminished Fifth
C-G = Perfect Fifth
C-G# = Augmented Fifth
C-Ab = Minor Sixth
C-A = Major Sixth
C-A# = Augmented Sixth
C-Bb = Minor Seventh
C-B = Major Seventh
C-B# = Augmented Seventh
C-C = Octave (which means the same note but higher or lower than the original)


Note that some of these notes are the exact same note, just that it depends on the key of a song to determine what it's title is... but this is a bit too advanced for you right now, so you don't need to worry about that.
carlsnow  
8 Sep 2009 15:40 | Quote
Joined: 29 Apr 2009
United States
Lessons: 2
Karma: 23
@Jazzy

C ? C ? ... you pianists (wink)
BodomBeachTerror  
8 Sep 2009 15:47 | Quote
Joined: 27 May 2008
Canada
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Augmented and Dominant are the same right?
hamad  
8 Sep 2009 16:29 | Quote
Joined: 24 Oct 2008
Bahrain
Karma
thanx alot for your time
RA  
9 Sep 2009 09:20 | Quote
Joined: 24 Sep 2008
United States
Karma: 16
BodomBeachTerror says:
Augmented and Dominant are the same right?


no
Augmented = sharp 5ths or in intervals just a semi-tone(half-step) up.
Dominant = a chord with a Major 3 and A flat 7th

but to highlight again to understand modes you need to know your intervals so don't even think about mode before you know your intervals.
JustJeff  
9 Sep 2009 15:33 | Quote
Joined: way back
United States
Lessons: 2
Karma: 21
To refer to your question about intervals: Here is how you use intervals to build chords.

http://www.all-guitar-chords.com/lesson.php?id=193

It's not the greatest lesson, but it could help.


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