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Joined: 14 Dec 2009
United States
Lessons: 2
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Karma: 16

The ii-V-I Jazz Progression

by btimm

25 Jan 2011
Views: 8314

I am learning some jazz theory and how to play jazz guitar. I thought it may be beneficial to make a lesson for beginners regarding an introduction to jazz, specifically the most common progression in this genre of music: the ii-V-I progression. I am hopeful that this could be a form of gateway for some people to expand their horizons and learn about this phenomenal music genre! This is my first lesson though, so anyone with more knowledge please feel free to correct me if I am wrong anywhere or feel free to add anything in the comments as well!

Getting Started: Quick Basic Chord Theory


As stated in the title of this lesson, the chords needed for this progression consist of the following chords:

the first chord in the scale, IMaj7
the second chord in the scale, iimin7
the fifth chord in the scale, V7

I am not going to go into the formation of these chords specifically and how they are made, as there is another lesson on this site that will detail this information. However, it is important to outline the notes of these chord structures to help you get started. These are given below, using C as an example.

Maj7 Chord:
1, 3, 5, 7
C, E, G, B

min7 Chord:
1, b3, 5, b7
C, Eb, G, Bb

Dominant Seventh Chord:
1, 3, 5, b7
C, E, G, Bb

Moving Along: Forming the Chords Used in This Example


As an example, the progression will be shown in the key of C. Below are the chords needed for this progression, along with a pictorial representation of one form of the chord to help get you started.

CMaj7:
1, 3, 5, 7
C, E, G, B



Dmin7:
1, b3, 5, b7
D, F, A, C
(Note that the D major scale has two sharps, so the F# and C# for this chord structure become F and C.)



G7:
1, 3, 5, b7
G, B, D, F
(Note that the G major scale has one sharp, so the F# for this chord structure become F.)



It's up to the player, but I prefer to not strike the 6th string on these chords, to give it a sound that is not as bright. It just sounds better that way to me, but it's not "wrong" to do it either way, since that note is simply repeated in the chord.

The Progression: Using the Key of C as an Example


This progression is a 4-bar progression. It will consist of the Dmin7 chord for one measure, followed by a measure of the G7 chord, and finishing with two measures of the CMaj7 chord.

I feel it is important to note that this progression each chord in this progression is a fourth above the prior chord. Simply put, G is the fourth of D and C is the fourth of G.

D, E, F, G, A, B, C

The progression goes along in this manner:


Dmin7 G7 CMaj7 CMaj7
| 1 2 3 4 | 1 2 3 4 | 1 2 3 4 | 1 2 3 4 |


Wrap Up


I hope this lessons helps some beginners out there and introduces them to a really enjoyable form of music. I am nothing more than a beginner myself, but I thought this would be a nice way to give back to a community that has given so much to me. I will try and learn how to record myself and play this progression to be included in this lesson; however, if I cannot edit this lesson, just listen to some jazz, as most jazz songs have this progression somewhere in the song!



Comments:

01
01.28.2011
  Empirism

Nice and clear lesson m8, and I enjoy jam this one. I made that chord progression and added it to my routines of jam practise.
can't wait you to progress in jazz :), Im eager looking to next one :)

Cheers!
Emp

02
01.28.2011
  btimm

Thanks Emp! I hope to be able to progress and add more lessons from what I learn. It will be a slow process though with two very little kids and also that I want to truly learn the material and not simply look for quick fixes. I am glad you enjoyed this though!

03
02.16.2011
  MoshZilla1016

This is a good lesson btimm. When I first heard of ii-V-I , I had no understanding that it was played over Major and minor 7ths. This was explained very well.

04
02.17.2011
  btimm

Thanks Mosh!

05
03.08.2011
  areteu

This subject is very, very well explained. For someone, as me, that is starting with this progression (also used in Brasilian Bossa Nova, which I love) it is really useful. Thank you so much.

06
03.12.2011
  caiothegreat

thank you. Starting Jazz lessons soon, good to get a heads up of what I will be learning

07
03.21.2011
  mehdi

good. i will try this

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