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SCALES/MODES PART 1 - BY BODOM

by bodom

20 Dec 2007
Views: 8794

Hey I'm back with another lesson. I know it's been awhile, I have been busy. Ok so in this lesson I'm going to do the scales/modes. I refer to it as scale/mode because basically its the same thing, a mode is actually a scale, so for now on I will refer to them as scales(I will do a mode lesson a little later). Now again I suggest you read my other lessons, mainly KEYS and CHORDS.Ok so lets get down to it. Please note there are other ways/shapes, to play these scales.


Shapes


Ok so first I'm going to show you the "shape" of the scales and their names. Again please note these are actually modes but I will get into this later.


I=Ionian/Major II=Dorian iii=Phrygian IV=Lydian V=Mixolydian vi=Aeolian/Minor
|-O-|-O-|---|---| |---|-O-|---|---|---| |-O-|---|---|---| |-O-|-O-|---|---| |---|-O-|---|---|---| |---|-O-|---|---|---|
|---|-O-|---|-O-| |---|-O-|---|-O-|-O-| |-O-|-O-|---|-O-| |-O-|-O-|---|-O-| |---|-O-|---|-O-|-O-| |---|-O-|-O-|---|-O-|
|-O-|---|-O-|-O-| |-O-|-O-|---|-O-|---| |-O-|---|-O-|---| |-O-|---|-O-|---| |-O-|---|-O-|-O-|---| |-O-|-O-|---|-O-|---|
|-O-|---|-O-|-O-| |-O-|-O-|---|-O-|---| |-O-|---|-O-|-0-| |-O-|---|-O-|-O-| |-O-|-O-|---|-O-|---| |---|-O-|---|-O-|---|
|-O-|-O-|---|-O-| |---|-O-|---|-O-|---| |-O-|---|-O-|-O-| |-O-|---|-O-|-O-| |-O-|-O-|---|-O-|---| |---|-O-|---|-O-|-O-|
|---|-O-|---|-O-| |---|-O-|---|-O-|-O-| |-O-|-O-|---|-O-| |---|-O-|---|-O-| |---|-O-|---|-O-|---| |---|-O-|---|-O-|-O-|


vii=Locrian
|-O-|---|---|---| Ionian is also known as the major scale
|---|-O-|---|-O-| Aeolian is also known as the minor scale
|-O-|---|-O-|-O-| Will get into why this is later on(Maybe next lesson)
|-O-|---|-O-|-O-|
|-O-|-O-|---|-O-|
|-O-|-O-|---|-O-|



Applying The Shapes


Ok great now you know the shapes, but where do they go? Well if someone asked you to play B Ionian then you start the scale on the B note. If they asked for C Ionian then you start on the C note, C# Locrian then start on the C#. This goes for all the scales. Here are a few examples.

B Ionian C Ionian C# LOCRIAN B LOCRIAN A Phrygian
|-A#|-B-|---|---| |-B-|-C-|---|---| |-C#|---|---|---| |-B-|---|---|---| |-A-|---|---|---|
|---|-F#|---|-G#| |---|-G-|---|-A-| |---|-A-|---|-B-| |---|-G-|---|-A-| |-E-|-F-|---|-G-|
|-C#|---|-D#|-E-| |-D-|---|-E-|-F-| |-E-|---|-F#|-G-| |-D-|---|-E-|-F-| |-C-|---|-D-|---| Notice how the shape stays the same.
|-G#|---|-A#|-B-| |-A-|---|-B-|-C-| |-B-|---|-C#|-D-| |-A-|---|-B-|-C-| |-G-|---|-A-|-Bb| Just the notes change
|-D#|-E-|---|-F#| |-E-|-F-|---|-G-| |-F#|-G-|---|-A-| |-E-|-F-|---|-G-| |-D-|---|-E-|-F-|
|---|-B-|---|-C#| |---|-C-|---|-D-| |-C#|-D-|---|-E-| |-B-|-C-|---|-D-| |-A-|-Bb|---|-C-|



Shapes to Keys


Ok got the idea? Now remember when I showed you that chart in the lessons KEYS and CHORDS? If you don't, here it is again.


Key I ii iii IV V vi vii
C C D E F G A B
G G A B C D E F#
D D E F# G A B C#
A A B C# D E F# G#
E E F# G# A B C# D#
B B C# D# E F# G# A#
F# F# G# A# B C# D# E#
C# C# D# E# F# G# A# B#

F F G A Bb C D E
Bb Bb C D Eb F G A
Eb Eb F G Ab Bb C D
Ab Ab Bb C Db Eb F G
Db Db Eb F Gb Ab Bb C
Gb Gb Ab Bb Cb Db Eb F
Cb Cb Db Eb Fb Gb Ab Bb

This chart showed you the Keys, their notes, and their common chords. Ok now the numbers above were used for something different in the last lessons(please read to understand chart), in this one they are used for the scale number. Notice how I numbered the scales above? Well this shows you the scales that go into the Key. Lets pick the Key of C. If I look above the C it shows me the scale to use, the Ionian. If I look above the D it shows to use the Dorian, and above the E its the Phrygian. And this continues on down the line. So If I wanted to play in the Key of Cthen I can play the C Ionian D Dorian E Phryigian F lyidian G Mixolyidian A Aeolian B Locrian. If I wanted to play in the Key of G then I could play G Ionian A Dorian B Phryigian C lyidian D Mixolyidian E Aeolian F# Locrian. It would look like this.


Key of C


1 3 5 7 9 12 15 17 19 22
E-F-|---|-G-|---|-A-|---|-B-|-C-|---|-D-|---|-E-|-F-|---|-G-|---|-A-|---|-B-|-C-|---|-D-|---|
B-C-|---|-D-|---|-E-|-F-|---|-G-|---|-A-|---|-B-|-C-|---|-D-|---|-E-|-F-|---|-G-|---|-A-|---|
G---|-A-|---|-B-|-C-|---|-D-|---|-E-|-F-|---|-G-|---|-A-|---|-B-|-C-|---|-D-|---|-E-|-F-|---|
D---|-E-|-F-|---|-G-|---|-A-|---|-B-|-C-|---|-D-|---|-E-|-F-|---|-G-|---|-A-|---|-B-|-C-|---|
A---|-B-|-C-|---|-D-|---|-E-|-F-|---|-G-|---|-A-|---|-B-|-C-|---|-D-|---|-E-|-F-|---|-G-|---|
E-F-|---|-G-|---|-A-|---|-B-|-C-|---|-D-|---|-E-|-F-|---|-G-|---|-A-|---|-B-|-C-|---|-D-|---|
IV V VI VII I II III IV V VI VII I II
The numbers below the chart show where each mode starts.



Comments:

01
01.20.2008
  Guitarslinger124

great lesson man!

02
01.22.2008
  bodom

Thanks :)

03
02.06.2008
  rc1153

Hey awesome lesson but I have a question. Sorry if I'm too noob but can you play the notes in the scale in any order or is there a specific sequence?

04
02.07.2008
  bodom

Yeah there is a certian order. For example if someone asked you to play the C Major scale/Ionian mode then you would play the notes C,D,E,F,G,A,B,C in that order. If they asked you to play C minor/Aeolian mode then you would play the notes C,D,Eb,F,G,Ab,Bb,C.

05
06.28.2008
  Fleshen

Just wanted to say that acording to some other sources the modes does not end at the root note. They will continue, for example, the C Ionian wont end at C it will continue on and end at D. So will the B locrian go on and not end with B but continue with C and D

06
06.29.2008
  bodom

Where are you getting this info from? I dont think you are understanding it. The mode starts on the given note and ends on that given note. So C Ionan would start on C and stop at C. Now you can continue on, but you are just repeating the same notes over. If you end on anything other than the C then you are changing tonal center, changing the mode. So if you wanted to play C Ionian and have that major feel/sound, but you keep ending on the D note then you are drawing your ear to the D note, not the C, so you would have the Dorian feel/sound not the Ionian.

07
06.29.2008
  Fleshen

Aperantly on some pages they show not only the mode but the whole pattern for that scale(at that given frett). I found a page that said that you only play from root to root so dont play the last one or two notes. So when you are using the scale pattern you dont play he last two notes.

08
06.29.2008
  bodom

Do you remeber what site?
You do only play from root to root. But not the root of the Key the root of the mode. So for example if I were playing in the Key of C and I wanted to play D dorian I would play D,E,F,G,A,B,C and end on D(root of the mode). I would not play D,E,F,G,A,B and end on C(root of the Key).

09
08.31.2008
  EMB5490

ty for the gr8 lesson.

10
08.31.2008
  EMB5490

hey a qustion here, on the key of c, d dorian sounds like the maj scale except u have to eliminate the high d and add a low c is there a reason for this?

11
09.04.2008
  bodom

Let me see if I understand your question. Are you asking if you add a C note to the to the first of the scale and not play the last D note, end on a C note, why does it sound like the major scale? If that is the case then the answer is it sounds like it because it is the major scale :P. The only difference between C major and D dorian is the order inwhich the notes are played. C major starts and ends on C, and D dorian starts and ends on D.
Hope this was your question.

12
09.09.2008
  EMB5490

ye it was, kool, also my teach said phrygian, dorian and aeolian are the min scales nd modes, he showed tht inside aeolian is phrygian, could u do a lesson on tht? like explaining if u extend the inside note what it becomes.

13
09.30.2008
  amy62288

this helped so much I have never been able to quite grasp the modes and scales but that helped a lot
thanks again

14
10.02.2008
  bodom

I dont know what happened but the chart was cut off at the bottom. So here it is.

15
10.27.2008
  

Probably one of the most informative lessons I've come across pertaining to understanding modal theory. Bodom this is seriously what I have been searching for the past 2 months. Thank you so much.

16
01.18.2009
  punkrawk101

That really simplified modes for me!!!! Thanx Bodom! [hAteCreW}

17
11.03.2009
  Countrypine

Thanks. Can I print out that chart?

18
11.04.2009
  carlsnow

Nice !

Ya may wanna show that those first pattern-scales are just that , Positional-Pattern-Scales (instead of the 'Longer versions (3-per string)

other than that lil correction/information great job !
and i can tell you put a LOT of work into this ...BRAVO! Suh!

Rawk!
Cs

19
03.28.2010
  Malikhi

this is great. would you answer what scale this is, the shape I mean. and forgive me if I'm too noob to understand, but I was told this is the A minor scale.


--------------------------------------------------------5---7---8---------------------------------
--------------------------------------------5--6--8-----------------------------------------------
-------------------------------4---6---7----------------------------------------------------------
-----------------------5---7-----------------------------------------------------------------------
-------------5--7--8------------------------------------------------------------------------------
--5--7--8-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

forgive my horrible tablature, but this is waht i've been told is an A minor, but it ends on a C, would you explain to me what this is and what it can be applied to, the shape I mean.

20
03.30.2010
  Guitarslinger124

Assuming that you are playing in E Standard tuning, that scale is the A Aeolian Scale which is the sixth mode in the key of C Major. The A Aeolian Scale is also known as the A Natural Minor Scale, A Minor is also the relative minor to C Major.

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