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- Natural Minor
- Harmonic Minor
- Melodic Minor (Ascending & Descending)
I'll also be explaining a brief introduction into the modes.
The Major Scale
The Major scale as you hopefully know is:
Major, Minor, Minor, Major, Major, Minor, Diminished. Try and remember that.
(England) = Tone, Tone, Semi-tone, Tone, Tone, Tone, Semi-tone.
(North/South America) = Whole, Whole, Half, Whole, Whole, Whole, Half.
I'm going to use Tone and Semi-tone, as I'm used to it.
Tone means an entire note apart, e.g. C to D (two half steps/ semi-tone = a whole note/ tone), Semi-tone means half a step e.g. C to C#.]
Incase that's too confusing, take up your guitar and play fret 8 (6th string), this is C, now move to the 9th fret and this is C#. This means that they're a semi-tone apart (1 fret). Where as, C to D will be frets 8 to 10, so it's two frets apart which is called a Tone/Whole note.
If you don't understand why I put some notes in brackets, it's basically because they are the same note. The easiest way to show this is to look at a Piano.
This is basically where you start to learn the modes. For the easiest way to explain that we usually use C because there are no sharps or flats in this key.
As you can see from the table, I've numbered out each note, and each note can be a starting point. This is what we call modes. So to explain the modes we've given each mode a name so it's easier to remember.
Naturally, each scale will have different names for each mode.
The Natural Minor is the 6th position in the Major scale, this is also known as the Aeolian mode. Take a look at this other lesson I wrote if you don't understand what I mean... http://www.all-guitar-chords.com/lesson.php?id=104
Tone, Semi-tone, Tone, Tone, Semi-tone, Tone, Tone.
6 7 1 2 3 4 5
Minor, Diminished, Major, Minor, Minor, Major, Major
1, 2, b3, 4, 5, b6, 7
I'm in the making of a more detailed lesson on this scale.
Ascending 1, 2, b3, 4, 5, 6, 7
Hopefully this is clear. It's important to know the notes that you're playing ontop of what fret and string you're playing, make sure to memorise the notes so you don't get confused during an improvisation!
Also, check out my music listed on Sound Cloud (link below) if you like it follow me on facebook! :)
JazzMaverick on Sound Cloud
good lesson dude!
Is natural minor the same as minor?
minor is a general term. there is natural, harmonic and melodic minor scales just to name a few. saying the "natural minor" connotes the sixth mode in a major key.
it would be more like:
hehe ive never done that before...
****...and thats natural minor, harmonic minor and melodic minor just to clarify
natural, harmonic, melodic, are all forms of minor i do believe
That one was better:D Now i understand it so much better:P
im not sure if its correct though, im almost as clueless as you =p
haha...i think youre better off just trying to learn the scales seperately. because they are really totally different from one another. you cant rush through learning theory guys. just take it one step at a time.
but its like a billion steps...i don't know how to learn it all
music is a lifelong learning experience man.
yeah, but like this stuff, just this is to much to handle:P
focus on the diatonic major scale don't worry about the other four
You should understand that the Natural Minor is the 6th position from the major scale. Once you've understood that properly, you should move on to understanding the rest of the modes. Once you've understood that, then you should start studying other scales, but not until then.
Holy **...i think im starting to understand this **:)
When you think about it, once you have the major scale memorized then you have all the modes memorized as well
what does a b mean in front of a number????
b means flat. Its the semitone between each whole tone.
hey, so if i am playing a D, F#, G progression, what key am I in. Ive read up on the key lessons, but i doesn't seem like mine matches up with any of them. thanks for any input.
i cant believe its taken me so long to get this,thanks.what should i work on after Ive got it all memorized
michaelcollins? what? you have all of this memorized? as in you are able to use all of it in a good manner? i mean, memorizing is one thing, but knowing how to use a totally different thing.
You should move onto the modes next - everyone starts with the major scale modes (they're the most popular). Afro and I have both written lessons regarding modes, so feel free to take a look at them. :)
Oh, and when is this lesson on harmonic minor finally going to come online? ^^
I'm in the middle of writing two other lessons atm, so the Harmonic lesson will have to wait. I haven't finished the grades in theory and there are 8 grades, so I'd like to do that first.
Great job, I noticed that the English use tone-semitone and the States use whole half. When I first learned the scale it was from a book that used tone semitone but when I tried to explain it no one knew what I meant. They all used whole half. After all these years now I know why very few use tone semitone. It's kinda the same with notes and quavers. I don't know anyone who uses quavers!
It's only very few to you because you live in America =P Over here we only say Tone and Semitone... But I think it's best to know both.
excuse me miss jazzy,but i believe you informed.me before that locrian is half dim.or us that just relative to a chord scale using 7ths?
I'm not trying to confuse you - but Locrian is a half diminished - with the examples I showed you in whatever topic it was. I thought those examples would have made it clear why it was a half diminished.
I understand in this lesson ,you state the locrian is diminished but in that thread you say its half diminished,I know i have fought you every step of the way in this explaination of,but you are correct.when you say im confused.Im just tryn to.make for certain itis either dim.or half dim.
but,with further reading into this lesson,
Locrian does have a b7 dude. :) Diminished has a bb7.
Thank you for your time i aprreciate it.I spent all.my time studying the technical aspects of.playing,that i.neglected theory alot.so.all this stuff is kind of like a foreign language to me,but anyway your a good teacher and im the horrible student lo.thanks for putting up with me
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